Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and video content to a dispersed audience via any audio or visual mass communications medium, but usually one using electromagnetic radiation (radio waves). The receiving parties may include the general public or a relatively large subset thereof. Broadcasting has been used for purposes of private recreation, non-commercial exchange of messages, experimentation, self-training, news we can know what is happening all around the world and emergency communication such as popular radio or TV stations with advertisements.

Methods of broadcasting:

There are several methods used for broadcasting electronic media:

1.      Terrestrial Television Broadcasting

2.      Satellite Television Broadcasting

3.      FM Radio Broadcasting

4.     Community Radio Broadcasting

 

1.      Terrestrial Television Broadcasting

Only Bangladesh Television (BTV) is being transmitted using terrestrial television broadcasting technology.  According ITU Regional Radiocommunication Conference 2006 (RRC 06) some member states have signed a treaty to switch off the analogue terrestrial broadcasting by the year 2015. Among the signatories some countries have requested five more years to switch off broadcasting in VHF band (174-230 MHz). Unfortunately Bangladesh has not signed the agreement.  According to the law of Bangladesh terrestrial television broadcasting is reserved for BTV only. BTV is using 174-230 MHz spectrum in VHF band for this transmission. In NFAP, 522-698 MHz spectrum is reserved for terrestrial television broadcasting. As such, this spectrum can be allocated for digital terrestrial broadcasting in future. 

1.      Satellite Television Broadcasting

The license of satellite television broadcasting is given from the Ministry of Information. Spectrum is assigned from BTRC to those operators who have license to establish TV station. So far 28 (twenty eight) satellite television channels have been assigned spectrum from BTRC. These television channels are using 6, 9 or 12MHz uplink frequency from 5.85-6.425 GHz band.

The satellite channels are playing a vital role in order to reach the news of Bangladesh and its culture to the Bengali people residing in different corners of the world. 

1.      FM Radio Broadcasting:

The license of FM radio broadcasting is given from the Ministry of Information. According to NFAP, frequency is assigned from BTRC to the licensee from 87.5 to 108 MHz.

Till 2013, licenses have been given to twelve organizations including state owned ‘Bangladesh Betar’ for FM radio broadcasting. Each organization has been assigned 200 kHz of spectrum.

2.      Community Radio Broadcasting

Bangladesh government has passed Community Radio Installation, Transmission and Operation Guideline-2008 to provide information service to the people of specific locality. So far, 14 organizations have been given licenses. 

The output power of community radio transmitter is 100 watt and its coverage area is 17 KM. In order to provide the distant population of the country with the benefit of community radio, the policy to increase the output power of the transmitter from 100 watt to 250 watt is under process. If the output power is increased the coverage area will also increase and more people could be served with information. As community radio serves in a specific area, a plan has been taken to cover the whole of Bangladesh under three spectrums, which are 98.40 MHz, 98.80 MHz and 99.20 MHz.

License Awarding:

At first, the license of broadcasting is given from the Ministry of Information (MoI). The license of satellite television broadcasting is given from the Ministry of Information to broadcast news and to make and export the video program/film.

The license of FM radio/Community radio broadcasting is given from the Ministry of Information to establish and operate radio station under the private ownership.

After awarding license from MoI, licensee(s) shall have to apply for assigning frequency and to import Earth Station and SNG/DSNG equipment to BTRC. After assigning frequency to the licensee, the licensee will eligible to import radio equipments by getting prior permission from BTRC.

 

Assignment Band:

Satellite Television: According to NFAP, frequency is assigned from BTRC to the licensee, 6/9/12 MHz uplink frequency from 5.85-6.425 GHz band.

FM/Community Radio: According to NFAP, frequency is assigned from BTRC to the licensee from 87.5 to 108 MHz.

 

 

Broadcasting (Satellite Television and FM/Community Radio) Spectrum Assignment Procedure

The interested entities can submit the application following the procedures to the Commission:

·         Documents to be submitted with application:

Applicant(s) shall furnish the following information/documents as is applicable:

  1. Letter of application (in letterhead pad and application to the Chairman of BTRC and attention to the Director, Spectrum Division)
  2. Application Form (dully filed in, furnished, signed and sealed) [Download]
  3. Copy of License from MoI. (Attested)
  4. Copy of Brochure (General Specification) of requested radio equipment (Attested)
  5. Copy of Trade License (Attested)
  6. For limited Company: Copy of Memorandum of Association and Article of Association (Attested)
  7. For public owner: Copy of Proprietorship Certificate (Attested)

Fees and Charges:

S.L

Description

Amount in Taka

1.

Application Form Fee

500/-

2.

Application Processing Fee

5000/-

3.

15% VAT

825/-

4.

Total

6325/-

 

Application Fee:

The non refundable application fee Taka. 6325/- (Taka six thousand three hounded and twenty five only) to be submitted to the Commission in the form of pay-order/Bank draft for the applicants in favor of Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (BTRC).

Spectrum Management Committee (SMC):

After getting the application with the proper documents, the Commission will place the application to the Spectrum Management Committee (SMC) for their opinion. The SMC recommends the proposal to the Commission. It is worth mentioning that the sole responsibility of assigning spectrum belongs to the commission. According to the decision of the commission the spectrum is assigned to the applicant.

·         Test Transmission Report:

After getting the prior permission from the Commission to use the assigned frequency for            7 (seven) days in order to test transmission. The licensee shall have to submit the test transmission report to the Commission. The Inspection team of BTRC will inspect the broadcast method of the organization. The Commission, upon inspection report, will award the License to Operate Radio Communications Equipment to the licensee. The licensee(s) shall have to renew the license yearly.